Most people are familiar with agriculture, but have you ever heard the term aquaculture?
As you might guess by the prefix “aqua,” aquaculture refers to fish; particularly, the raising, breeding and harvesting of fish. These fish can be raised in freshwater – ponds, lakes, rivers – or saltwater – oceans or bays – and may be in a natural or manmade environment.. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration:
Using aquaculture techniques and technologies, researchers and the aquaculture industry are “growing,” “producing,” “culturing,” and “farming” all types of freshwater and marine species.
Marine aquaculture focuses on clams, mussels, oysters, salmon and shrimp, while freshwater aquaculture production includes catfish, tilapia, trout and yellow perch.